Publication Ethics


Academic Journals requires all authors to adhere to the ethical standards as prescribed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).


Inclusions of a person who do not meet authorship requirement as specified by the editorial checklists or the exclusion of a person who meets the requirement is a violation of this publication ethics.


‘The practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own’  Oxford Dictionaries

Submitted manuscripts should be the original works of the author(s). Academic Journals will follow COPE guideline in suspected cases of plagiarism. All of submitted manusript will be checked by reputable and premium version of plagiarism software. 

Duplicate manuscripts

"Duplicate publication is publication of a paper that overlaps substantially with one already published, without clear, visible reference to the previous publication" ICMJE Overlapping Publications, It is unethical for authors to submit a manuscript to more than one journal at the same time, either within Academic Journals or any other journal. This includes the submission of manuscripts derived from the same data in such a manner that there are no substantial differences in the manuscripts. Duplicate submission also includes the submission of the same/similar manuscript in different languages to different journals.

Fabrication and falsification of data

Fabrication, manipulation or falsification of data is a violation of this publication ethics. Academic Journals will follow the COPE guidelines in suspected cases of fabrication and falsification of data.

Citations manipulation

Authors should use only citations that are relevant to their manuscripts. Addition of references which are not relevant to the work is strongly discouraged. Irrelevant self citation to increase one’s citation is unethical. Unnecessary citation of articles for the sole purpose of “increasing” the articles’ citation is unethical. Unnecessary citation of articles from a particular journal to “increase” the journals citation is unethical

Obligations of the Author

  1. Article Writing Standards
    The research presented must be research that contains accurate data. Articles written must be supported with adequate evidence and references. Committing fraud by loading data and inaccurate statements is a form of action that is not commendable and cannot be accepted.

  2. Data Access
    Authors are asked to provide raw data and documents in connection with editorial interests. And can show and save the data referred to after the publication of the manuscript.

  3. Originality and Plagiarism
    The author must be able to ensure that the manuscripts that have been written are original works. And include citations as references correctly.

  4. Multiple Publications
    Authors are not permitted to publish manuscripts of articles describing the same research, at the same time to other journals or publications. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal, at the same time, is not commendable.

  5. Recognition of Sources
    Authors must acknowledge and include references from excerpts of manuscripts that have been published correctly.

  6. Contributors to the manuscript
    All who have contributed significantly to the research paper must be registered as authors of the article text. All authors have seen and agreed to the final draft of the article. In addition, the authors have also approved submissions for publication.

  7. Disclosure and Conflict of Interest
    All authors must disclose a perspective that can influence the results of their manuscript interpretation.

  8. Fundamental Mistakes In Published Works
    When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his published work, the author's obligation is to immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and work together to retract or correct the text of the article.

Editor's Obligations

  1. Non-Discrimination
    When evaluating the manuscript for publication, the editor is obliged not to view the race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the author.

  2. Maintaining Confidentiality
    The editor and editorial staff are obliged not to disclose any information about the manuscript sent to anyone, other than to the writer, reviewer, publisher and other stakeholders during the process towards publishing the article manuscript.

  3. Conflicts of Interest
    Unpublished material that is explained in the manuscript sent to the editor, is not permitted to be used in other parties' research without the written consent of the main author.

  4. Decision of Publication
    The Editorial Board is responsible for deciding articles to be published. After going through the process of validating the work. The editorial team can be guided by applicable policies and are limited by legal requirements that will apply regarding defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editors can negotiate with the editor in making this decision.

  5. Review Article Articles
    The editor is obliged to evaluate the originality of the work. The editor manages and carries out peer reviews fairly and wisely. The editor is obliged to explain the peer review process carried out by reviewers to the authors clearly. It also shows the parts that need improvement. The editor is obliged to use the correct peer reviewer on every article manuscript received. Next submit to those who have adequate expertise taking into account the expertise of the reviewer. The goal is to avoid those who have conflicts of interest.                                                       

Obligations of Reviewers

  1. Reviewers help editors make decisions during the process towards publishing the manuscript. Every selected reviewer who feels ineligible to review the research to be published or does not allow for the review process, must inform the editor and resign from the review process.

  2. Reviews conducted by reviewers must be objective. The reviewer must explain the views clearly with supporting arguments. Personal criticism of writers should not be done.

  3. Every text received by the reviewer for review must be treated as a confidential document. The reviewer is not allowed to show and discuss with others except as permitted by the editor.

  4. Interesting information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers may not consider texts where they have a conflict of interest arising from competition, collaboration, or other relationships or connections with the authors, companies or institutions connected with the article manuscripts.

  5. Reviewers must identify that the article script has used the relevant citations and references correctly. Reviewers are also permitted to provide opinions to editors regarding the presence or absence of substantial similarities or overlaps between the manuscripts being considered and the manuscripts of articles that have been published.