Research on Gender Differences in the Use of Mandarin Speech Acts of Disagreement

Juliana Juliana, Pau Yung Yung


With the development of language research, many foreign researchers have conducted research and analysis on the speech acts performed by people in their lives, and some of them disagree with speech acts. Language and gender are one of the important research topics. Many researchers have studied the differences in the use of disapproval strategies between men and women. At present, there are still very few Indonesians doing relevant research. In order to know what disapproval strategies Indonesian men and women use and what the differences are, the author conducted this study. This study mainly investigates Jakarta workers working in Chinese companies. Research results show that both men and women now use warmer strategies more often when expressing disagreement, and the most commonly used strategy is positive comments. Whether with their elders, peers or younger generations, women often use warm-hearted strategies to express disagreement. Although men use warming strategies more often with their elders and peers, they use strengthening strategies more often when expressing disapproval with their juniors. Men and women also tend to use warming strategies when expressing disagreement with acquaintances or strangers. Men use reinforcement strategies more frequently than women. The author also found that context, relative power, and social distance affected men and women's choices in using disapproval strategies.


speech act; disagreement; gender differences

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.