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According to history, Capgomeh has been existed since Han Dynasty, and many believed that it was closely tied to religion and belief. However, until recently, it was found that it was actually related to agriculture blessing ritual. In Bogor, Capgomeh is held to celebrate God’s Blessing, however Capgomeh have developed into a universal event for Bogor residents. Capgomeh in Bogor have a long history of 300 years itself, but due to political issues, Capgomeh was prohibited for 30 years. After the downfall of Orde Baru, restoration of Capgomeh celebrated was started. In the beginning of 20th century up to downfall of Orde Lama, Cengge celebration was existed back then, however it was non-existent during the reign of Orde Baru. Dragon dance, Chinese Lion dance and God and Goddess Procession were the only part of Cengge tradition that was preserved at the moment. The most drastic changes were noticed in the procession ritual. In the past, it was mostly dominated by Chinese element; however, assimilation of Chinese and Indonesia local tradition were mostly found nowadays. Lastyly, through interview with Chinese descendant and local people in Bogor, it can be concluded that their response towards Carnaval in Bogor are positive and should be preserved.


Bogor; Capgomeh; Development and Changes

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